Shutter speed, ISO, and aperture are fundamental elements of photography and videography. Shutter speed determines how long the camera’s sensor is exposed to light. In photography, faster shutter speeds are often used to freeze action, while slower speeds create motion blur for artistic effects. In videography, the shutter speed is typically fixed at twice the frame rate to ensure smooth motion (so 24fps to no more than 50 shutter speed). Mixing these settings for both photos and videos can lead to inconsistent results in your video when switching from photo to video. Remember, weddings are fast paced – it’s highly possible that upon switching the photographer could forget to switch the shutter speed because they have to immediately jump into filming to capture as much as possible.
ISO refers to the camera’s sensitivity to light. High ISO values are commonly used in photography to capture images in low-light conditions, but they can introduce noise and graininess. In video, videographers often strive to keep the ISO lower to maintain a cleaner image. Balancing these settings for both mediums simultaneously can be a complex task that requires constant adjustments and compromises.
Aperture controls the depth of field, affecting the amount of background blur in an image. While a wide aperture (low f-stop) is often desirable in photography to isolate subjects, it can be challenging to maintain focus in video, where subjects are in motion. A videographer may need to use a narrower aperture (higher f-stop) to ensure a consistent focus throughout the video. Trying to manage these different requirements simultaneously can result in missed opportunities for capturing the perfect shot or compromising the quality of the video.